Life Cycle Assessment and Management Research
LCAMRC is one of the leading research group which already has its footprint in Manufacturing, Agriculture,
construction sectors in Sri Lanka. They have successfully completed LCA in agri-food industry, Construction
materials Manufacturing and Buildings construction. Furthermore, they have
widened its scope to Eco-design and Eco innovations, Development of Life Cycle Databases, Design and Development
of Decision Support Systems for LCM. Currently LCAMRC collaborate with UNEP SATEC Life Cycle Initiative,
UKY-USA, RMIT Australia, IGS-Japan, MPI-New Zealand, VIT-India.
LCA modelling and analysis
Ongoing Research Degrees
J.L.L Jayawardane (2021 onwards) PhD jointly with RMIT Australia on “INVESTIGATING ENVIRONMENTAL
SUSTAINABILITY OF MODERN CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES – FOCUSING ON MODULAR CONSTRUCTION AND 3D PRINTING
Completed Research Degrees
S. Kamalakannan (2021), MPhil on “Design and development of a decision support system for eco-design based on
life cycle management”
M.P. R.L. Peiris (2020), MPhil on “Enhance the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-scale local Manufacturing
Sector with Sustainable Manufacturing Concepts”
Ongoing Research projects
- Evaluating Environmental Sustainability of Modern Construction Practises: Modular Construction and 3D
Printing in Construction - Jointly with RMIT Australia
- LCA of Single Used Plastics (SUP) in Sri Lanka – jointly with IGS Japan
- GHG Inventory of Postharvest losses of Banana Supply Chain in Sri Lanka – jointly with NIPHM and MPI – New
- LCA of package materials of Sri Lanka
- LCA of Black tea process in Sri Lanka
The projects accomplished on behalf of black tea in Sri Lanka are (1) Development of IoT
based real time data acquisition system and construction of a cloud base life cycle
inventory database for Tea Industry in Sri Lanka and (2) Examining the environmental
and social impacts of Sri Lankan tea processing industry to withstand global market
challenges. The project outcomes and findings are published in an international journal
and international conferences.
LCA of Clay roof tiles of Sri Lanka
- Kamalakkannan, S., Kulatunga, AK., (2021), ‘IIOT Applications for Sustainable
Manufacturing’, In: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain and Paolo Di Sia (eds), Handbook on
Smart Materials, technologies and Devices, Springer Nature Switzerland.
- Kamalakkannan, S, Kulatunga, AK & Kassel, NC 2020, ‘Environmental and social
sustainability of Sri Lankan tea industry in the wake of global market challenges’,
International Journal of Sustainable Manufacturing, vol.4, nos.2/3/4, pp.379–395, doi:
- Kamalakkannan, S, Kulatunga, AK & Bandara, LADAD 2020, ‘The conceptual framework
of IoT based decision support system for life cycle management’, Procedia
Manufacturing, vol. 43, pp.423-430, doi: 10.1016/j.promfg.2020.02.192.
The projects accomplished on behalf of clay roof tiles in Sri Lanka are (1) Development of
parametric life cycle assessment model for clay roof tile to eco-design optimization and
decision making at the early design stage, (2) Investigate and evaluate the environmental
sustainability of the clay roofing tile by comparing the two existing manufacturing
practices of clay roof tile industry in Sri Lanka, which are semi-conventional and modern
practices and (3) Life cycle assessment of semi-conventional roof tile manufacturing
practice in Sri Lanka. The project outcomes and findings are published in an
international journal and international conferences.
LCA of Ceramic tiles manufacturing in Sri Lanka
- Kamalakkannan, S., Kulatunga, A.K., 2021. Optimization of Eco-design Decisions Using
Parametric Life Cycle Assessment. Journal of Sustainable Production and Consumption,
- Kulatunga, A.K., Peiris, R.L. and Kamalakkannan, S., 2020. Evaluation of Environment
Sustainability of Clay Roof Tiles Manufacturing Practices in Sri Lanka using LCA.
ENGINEER, 53(04), pp.21-32.
- Peiris, RL, Kulatunga, AK & Jinadasa, KBSN 2017, ‘Life cycle assessment of semi-
conventional roof tile manufacturing in Sri Lanka’, 8th International Conference on
Structural Engineering and Construction Management, Sri Lanka.
The project accomplished on behalf of ceramic tiles in Sri Lanka are (1) Life cycle
assessment for eco-design in floor tile industry by using scenario analysis and (2)
Development of conceptual computer model to overcome the long barrier between raw
data feeding and eco-design assistance. Through this project, eco-design opportunity in
the local floor tile industry is identified to improve its overall sustainability of the floor
tile manufacturing sector. The project outcomes and findings are published in an
international journal and international conferences.
LCA of Small-Scale dwelling units in Sri Lanka
- Kamalakkannan, S, Peiris, RL & Kulatunga, AK 2019, ‘Life cycle assessment in ceramic
floor tile industry in Sri Lanka’, In Proceedings of the International Conference on
Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 5-7.
- Peiris RL, Kulatunga, AK & Jinadasa, KBSN 2019, ‘Conceptual model of Life Cycle
Assessment based generic computer tool towards Eco-Design in manufacturing sector’,
Procedia Manufacturing, vol. 33, pp. 83-90, doi: 10.1016/j.promfg.2019.04.012.
The project accomplished on behalf of construction sector in Sri Lanka are (1)
Comprehensive life cycle assessment for a 400 ft2 single floor residential house designed
for a low-income family, located in Colombo, Sri Lanka and (2) Development of a life
cycle assessment-based tool to indicate environmental impacts of construction materials
and products by considering the phases of the supply chain. The project outcomes and
findings are published in an international journal and international conferences.
LCI development of Agri-food sector of Sri Lanka – under CI-SCP project of UNEP (Jointly with NCPC-SL)
K.S.L. Wickramaratne, A.K. Kulatunga, “Building life cycle assessment: a scenario analysis of a basic
dwelling unit to evaluate environmental sustainability”, Int. J. Sustainable Materials and Structural
Systems, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2021
- Wickramaratne, K.S.L. and Kulatunga, A.K., 2020. Building Life Cycle Assessment to
Evaluate Environment Sustainability of Residential Buildings in Sri
Lanka. ENGINEER, 53(04), pp.01-09.
- Jayawickrama, HMMM, Weerasinghe, KGNH, Peiris, RL, Kulatunga, AK 2017, ‘Life Cycle
Assessment based Tool to visualize environmental impact of Construction materials &
Products’, Proceedings of the 11th Annual Sessions of Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka,
The project aims to develop a Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) database for dairy, tea, and rice
processing sub sectors in Sri Lanka. This work has been carried out in several phases.
Initially, secondary information related to these Agri-food sectors have been referred
and data collection sample frames have been developed based on them. Next, life cycle
inventory data collection questionnaire has been developed in parallel to the pilot
survey. A detailed field survey was carried out for 50 tea leaf processing factories 50 rice
processing mills, and 15 dairy processing factories. Eventually, the LCI’s were prepared
and analyzed based on the Eco-invent guidelines which consist of pedigree matrices as
well. The data quality measurements (Pedigree matrix and uncertainties) were declared
to dairy, tea, and rice LCIs.
1. Field Work
3. Symposium/ Exhibitions