Image  Department of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering
 University of Peradeniya

Life Cycle Assessment and Management Research Cluster (LCAMRC)

LCAMRC is one of the leading research group which already has its footprint in Manufacturing, Agriculture, construction sectors in Sri Lanka. They have successfully completed LCA in agri-food industry, Construction materials Manufacturing and Buildings construction. Furthermore, they have widened its scope to Eco-design and Eco innovations, Development of Life Cycle Databases, Design and Development of Decision Support Systems for LCM. Currently LCAMRC collaborate with UNEP SATEC Life Cycle Initiative, UKY-USA, RMIT Australia, IGS-Japan, MPI-New Zealand, VIT-India.

Team


LCA modelling and analysis



Ongoing Research Degrees



Completed Research Degrees



Ongoing Research projects


  1. Evaluating Environmental Sustainability of Modern Construction Practises: Modular Construction and 3D Printing in Construction - Jointly with RMIT Australia
  2. LCA of Single Used Plastics (SUP) in Sri Lanka – jointly with IGS Japan
  3. GHG Inventory of Postharvest losses of Banana Supply Chain in Sri Lanka – jointly with NIPHM and MPI – New Zealand
  4. LCA of package materials of Sri Lanka

Completed projects


  1. LCA of Black tea process in Sri Lanka

  2. The projects accomplished on behalf of black tea in Sri Lanka are (1) Development of IoT based real time data acquisition system and construction of a cloud base life cycle inventory database for Tea Industry in Sri Lanka and (2) Examining the environmental and social impacts of Sri Lankan tea processing industry to withstand global market challenges. The project outcomes and findings are published in an international journal and international conferences.


    Outcomes/ Publications

    • Kamalakkannan, S., Kulatunga, AK., (2021), ‘IIOT Applications for Sustainable Manufacturing’, In: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain and Paolo Di Sia (eds), Handbook on Smart Materials, technologies and Devices, Springer Nature Switzerland.
    • Kamalakkannan, S, Kulatunga, AK & Kassel, NC 2020, ‘Environmental and social sustainability of Sri Lankan tea industry in the wake of global market challenges’, International Journal of Sustainable Manufacturing, vol.4, nos.2/3/4, pp.379–395, doi: 10.1504/IJSM.2020. 107129.
    • Kamalakkannan, S, Kulatunga, AK & Bandara, LADAD 2020, ‘The conceptual framework of IoT based decision support system for life cycle management’, Procedia Manufacturing, vol. 43, pp.423-430, doi: 10.1016/j.promfg.2020.02.192.

  3. LCA of Clay roof tiles of Sri Lanka

  4. The projects accomplished on behalf of clay roof tiles in Sri Lanka are (1) Development of parametric life cycle assessment model for clay roof tile to eco-design optimization and decision making at the early design stage, (2) Investigate and evaluate the environmental sustainability of the clay roofing tile by comparing the two existing manufacturing practices of clay roof tile industry in Sri Lanka, which are semi-conventional and modern practices and (3) Life cycle assessment of semi-conventional roof tile manufacturing practice in Sri Lanka. The project outcomes and findings are published in an international journal and international conferences.


    Outcomes/ Publications

    • Kamalakkannan, S., Kulatunga, A.K., 2021. Optimization of Eco-design Decisions Using Parametric Life Cycle Assessment. Journal of Sustainable Production and Consumption, Vol.27, pp.1297-1316.
    • Kulatunga, A.K., Peiris, R.L. and Kamalakkannan, S., 2020. Evaluation of Environment Sustainability of Clay Roof Tiles Manufacturing Practices in Sri Lanka using LCA. ENGINEER, 53(04), pp.21-32.
    • Peiris, RL, Kulatunga, AK & Jinadasa, KBSN 2017, ‘Life cycle assessment of semi- conventional roof tile manufacturing in Sri Lanka’, 8th International Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction Management, Sri Lanka.

  5. LCA of Ceramic tiles manufacturing in Sri Lanka

  6. The project accomplished on behalf of ceramic tiles in Sri Lanka are (1) Life cycle assessment for eco-design in floor tile industry by using scenario analysis and (2) Development of conceptual computer model to overcome the long barrier between raw data feeding and eco-design assistance. Through this project, eco-design opportunity in the local floor tile industry is identified to improve its overall sustainability of the floor tile manufacturing sector. The project outcomes and findings are published in an international journal and international conferences.


    Outcomes/ Publications

    • Kamalakkannan, S, Peiris, RL & Kulatunga, AK 2019, ‘Life cycle assessment in ceramic floor tile industry in Sri Lanka’, In Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 5-7.
    • Peiris RL, Kulatunga, AK & Jinadasa, KBSN 2019, ‘Conceptual model of Life Cycle Assessment based generic computer tool towards Eco-Design in manufacturing sector’, Procedia Manufacturing, vol. 33, pp. 83-90, doi: 10.1016/j.promfg.2019.04.012.

  7. LCA of Small-Scale dwelling units in Sri Lanka

  8. The project accomplished on behalf of construction sector in Sri Lanka are (1) Comprehensive life cycle assessment for a 400 ft2 single floor residential house designed for a low-income family, located in Colombo, Sri Lanka and (2) Development of a life cycle assessment-based tool to indicate environmental impacts of construction materials and products by considering the phases of the supply chain. The project outcomes and findings are published in an international journal and international conferences.


    Outcomes/ Publications

    • K.S.L. Wickramaratne, A.K. Kulatunga, “Building life cycle assessment: a scenario analysis of a basic dwelling unit to evaluate environmental sustainability”, Int. J. Sustainable Materials and Structural Systems, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2021
    • Wickramaratne, K.S.L. and Kulatunga, A.K., 2020. Building Life Cycle Assessment to Evaluate Environment Sustainability of Residential Buildings in Sri Lanka. ENGINEER, 53(04), pp.01-09.
    • Jayawickrama, HMMM, Weerasinghe, KGNH, Peiris, RL, Kulatunga, AK 2017, ‘Life Cycle Assessment based Tool to visualize environmental impact of Construction materials & Products’, Proceedings of the 11th Annual Sessions of Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka, Colombo.

  9. LCI development of Agri-food sector of Sri Lanka – under CI-SCP project of UNEP (Jointly with NCPC-SL)

  10. The project aims to develop a Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) database for dairy, tea, and rice processing sub sectors in Sri Lanka. This work has been carried out in several phases. Initially, secondary information related to these Agri-food sectors have been referred and data collection sample frames have been developed based on them. Next, life cycle inventory data collection questionnaire has been developed in parallel to the pilot survey. A detailed field survey was carried out for 50 tea leaf processing factories 50 rice processing mills, and 15 dairy processing factories. Eventually, the LCI’s were prepared and analyzed based on the Eco-invent guidelines which consist of pedigree matrices as well. The data quality measurements (Pedigree matrix and uncertainties) were declared to dairy, tea, and rice LCIs.

LCAMRC events


1. Field Work

CNC Machining Centers Injection Moulding machine
CNC Machining Centers Injection Moulding machine
CNC Machining Centers Injection Moulding machine
CNC Machining Centers

2. Workshop

CNC Machining Centers Injection Moulding machine
CNC Machining Centers Injection Moulding machine

3. Symposium/ Exhibitions

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